Agri Commodities

The various agro foods can be categorized as cereals, seeds, spices, fruits, dehydrated fruits, vegetables, dehydrated vegetables, dry fruits & nuts, edible oil, flowers, fertilizers, tea & coffee, oil crops, aromatic plants, herbs, essential oils, floral absolutes, coconut and coir products, potpourri, processed food & snacks, pickles &condiments, pet-use products, milk & dairy products, meat & poultry food, marine food supplies, baby foods, animal fodder, etc.

Fertilizers Testing :
  • Bio Fertilizer
  • Chemical Fertilizer
  • Agriculture Fertilizer
  • Urea Fertilizer
  • Compost
  • Organic Fertilizer
  • Organic Manure etc..
Fodder Testing :
  • Animal Feed
  • Cattle Feed
  • Poultry Feed
  • Feed ingredients & raw materials such as Soya
  • Maize
  • DORB
  • GN DOC
  • SF DOC
  • Rape Cotton Seed DOCís
  • Dry Fish
  • Bone Meal
  • Meat Meal
  • Calcite
  • DCP etc...
Seeds Testing :
  • Cumin Seeds
  • Hybrid Seeds
  • Sesame Seeds
  • Sunflower Seeds
  • Mustard Seeds
  • Psyllium Seed
  • Fennel Seed
  • Fenugreek Seed
  • Tamarind Seed
  • Vegetable Seeds
  • Linseed Castor Seeds Melon Seeds
  • Cotton Seeds etc.,
Aromatic Plants :
  • Lemongrass
  • Palmorosa
  • Peppermint Rose
  • Cinnamon
  • Eucalyptus
  • Lavender
  • Jamrosa
  • Japanese Mint
  • Vetiver
  • Spearmint
  • Patchouli etc.
Herbal Products :
  • Amla Powder
  • Rosemary
  • Mixed Herbs
  • Mint
  • Shikakai Powder
  • Neem
  • Ashwagandha
  • Bay Leaf
  • Thyme
  • Basil
  • Oregano
  • Parsley etc...
Coconut and Coir Products :
  • Coconut Water
  • Coir Products
  • Coir Products
  • Fresh Coconut
  • Disccated Coconut
  • Coconut Milk
  • Coconut Cream.
Soil Testing :

It includes the analysis of available N, P, K and micronutrients, texture, pH, CaCO3 content and the parameters related to the amelioration of the chemically deterioted soils.

Other Miscellaneous Agro Products :

Agro products are limitless and have an even larger number of sub-products and may not generally be categorized.

  • Natural Honey
  • Sugar
  • Soya Meals
  • Jaggery
  • Flour Tobacco Products
  • Brewed Liquor
  • Natural Dyes and Pigments
  • Potpourri
  • Baby Food
  • Soup
  • Dehydrated Vegetables
  • Dehydrated Fruits
  • Vinegar etc.

Food Products

Food Analysis is the discipline dealing with the development, application and study of analytical procedures for characterizing the properties of foods and their constituents. All food products whether raw or processed are analyzed to provide information about a wide variety of different characteristics including their composition, structure, physiochemical properties and sensory attributes.

Nutrients :
  • Proteins
  • Amino acids
  • Total Cholesterol
  • Trans fats & Lipid profile
  • Carbohydrates
  • Sugars
  • Dietary fiber
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals etc...
Additives :
  • Colors
  • Dyes
  • Stabilizers
  • Antioxidants
  • Flavors & Fragrances
  • Preservatives etc...
Adulterants :

They are added intentionally to the food products mostly for the purpose of cost benefits and they may be present at higher as well as lower amounts. They may be safe or sometimes highly toxic, such as, argemone in mustard oil, Sudan in red chilies, animal cholesterol in ghee, low cost vegetable oil in high cost vegetable oil etc...

Contaminants & Toxicants :

Physical toxicants

  • glass
  • wood
  • metal
  • insect matter etc.

Biological toxicants

  • microbes
  • pathogens

Chemical toxicants

  • residual pesticides
  • residual antibiotics
  • mycotoxins and environmental pollutants
  • PCB
  • Dioxins
  • toxic metal etc...


Accurate Water Analysis is a responsibility to the Countryís Infrastructure. According to estimates, approximately 71% of the Earthís surface is covered with water. The total amount of water on the earth is about 1.36 billion cubic kilo metres (326 million cubic miles). However, only 2.5% of the Earthís water is fresh water, of this 98.8% is in the form of ice and ground water, leaving a very low volume for the consumer. Thus, water is the most precious resource.

Italab Salem has more than a decade experience in testing water samples for various purposes and specifications.

We undertake the testing for Water as per the standards given below :

  1. Packaged drinking water - IS : 14543 - 2004
  2. Natural mineral water - IS : 13428 - 2005
  3. Surface/ground water - IS : 10500 - 1991
  4. Feed water/boiler water - IS : 10496 - 1983
  5. Water for Food processing industry as per IS: 4251 - 1967
  6. Water for Storage batteries as per IS: 1069 - 1993
  7. Drinking water as per WHO/EPA/European community specification
  8. Purified water and water for injection (as per EP, BP & USP)
  9. Water for Irrigation purpose as per IS:11624-1986
  10. Water for swimming pools IS: 3328-1993
  11. Water for Paper & Pulp industries IS: 2724
Additives :
  • Colors
  • Dyes
  • Stabilizers
  • Antioxidants
  • Flavors & Fragrances
  • Preservatives etc...
WASTE WATER : Analysis of waste water and Effluents :
  • As Per MOEF guidelines
  • AS per BIS specifications
  • As per State Pollution Control Boards
  • Heavy Metals and Pesticides Residues
  • Poly-nuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs)
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
  • Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

The following Biological test on water is conducted at our lab , like E. Coli, Coliforms ( Total and faecal) Total Plate Count, Sulphite reducing anaerobes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aerobic microbial count, Faecal Streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella and Shigella, Vibrio cholera and yeast and Moulds etc.,


Oil analysis can uncover, isolate, and offer solutions for abnormal lubricant and machine conditions when used as a predictive maintenance tool. These abnormalities can result in expensive, sometimes catastrophic damage causing lost production, extensive repair costs, and even operator accidents.

Why Analyze Used Lubricants ? Three Aspects of Oil Analysis

Lubricant Condition :

The assessment of the lubricant condition reveals whether the system fluid is healthy and fit for further service, or is ready for a change.

Contaminants :

Ingressed contaminants from the surrounding environment in the form of dirt, water and process contamination are the leading cause of machine degradation and failure. Increased contamination alerts you to take action in order to save the oil and avoid unnecessary machine wear.

Machine Wear :

An unhealthy machine generates wear particles at an exponential rate. The detection and analysis of these particles assist in making critical maintenance decisions. Machine failure due to worn out components can be avoided. Remember, healthy and clean oil lead to the minimization of machine wear.

At Italab Salem we undertake the following Products for different analysis:
  • Furnace Oil
  • Fuel Oil
  • Lube Oil
  • Engine Oil
  • Quenching Oil
  • Cutting Oil
  • Hydraulic Oil
  • Transformer Oil
  • Gear Oil
  • Bio Diesel
  • High Speed Diesel
  • LDO
  • and Miscellaneous Oils like Paraffin Oil
  • Silicon Oil
  • Rust Preventive Oil
  • Rubber Processed Oils
  • Compressor Oils
  • bearing Oils
  • Spray Oil
  • Heat Treatment Oils
  • Turbine Oils
  • Textile Machinery Oil etc.
  • Grease
  • Thermic Fluid
  • Coolant
  • etc.
  • are tested for various parameters as per IS
  • ISO
  • ASTM standards

Ores and Minerals

Minerals and their Uses :

Every segment of society uses minerals and mineral resources every day. The roads we ride or drive on and the buildings we live learn and work in all contain minerals. Below is a selected list of commonly used metallic and nonmetallic minerals, ore minerals, mineral byproducts, aggregates, and rock types that are used to make products we use in our daily life.

  • Aggregates
  • Aluminum
  • Antimony
  • Asbestos
  • Basalt
  • Barium
  • Beryllium
  • Bismuth
  • Boron
  • Bromine
  • Calcium
  • Cement
  • Chromium
  • Cobalt
  • Copper
  • Diamond
  • Diatomite
  • Dolomite
  • Feldspar
  • Fluorite
  • Garnet
  • Germanium
  • Gold
  • Granite
  • Graphite
  • Gypsum
  • Halite
  • Iodine
  • Iron Ore
  • Lead
  • Limestone
  • Lithium
  • Magnesium
  • Manganese
  • Mercury
  • Mica
  • Molybdenum
  • Nickel
  • Phosphate rock
  • Platinum Group Metals (PGMs)
  • Potash
  • Pyrite
  • Quartz
  • Sandstone
  • Silica / Silicon
  • Silver
  • Strontium
  • Sulfur
  • Talc
  • Tin
  • Titanium
  • Trona
  • Tungsten
  • Uranium
  • Zeolites
  • Zinc
  • Zirconium etc...
Italab Salem undertakes majority of testing parameters of Ores & Minerals such as :
  • Moisture
  • Sand Silica
  • Calcium
  • Los on Ignition
  • Alumina
  • Iron
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Sodium
  • Potassium
  • Phosphorus
  • Silica as SiO2 as per Indian Standards (IS)
  • International Standards (ISO) ASTM
  • and other protocols like Indian Bureau of Mines etc...

Metals & Alloys

Alloy material has very important role in our daily life even there won't be a day passed without using alloy. Our utensils in the kitchen, vehicles, computers, mobile phones, chairs etc. are using different type of alloys which means numerous alloys have been made and being used by human beings. Most of the engineering and medical equipments, machineries, tools are made by Alloys.

What is Alloy? :

An alloy is a material containing a mixture of two or more metals. An alloy metal can be used to provide increased strength or a lighter weight material.

The common Metals and Alloys are ranging like :
  • Iron
  • Steel and Ferro-alloys
  • Special Steel
  • Copper & its alloys
  • Aluminimum and its alloys
  • Tin and tin alloys
  • Zinc and Zinc alloys
  • lead and Lead alloys
  • Magnesium and Magnesium alloys
  • Nickel
  • Chromium
  • Cobalt and their alloys
  • Titanium and titanium alloys
  • Tungsten and its alloys
  • other metal alloys and Precious metals etc...


Accurate results from proximate and ultimate analysis of coal, coke and Bio fuels are an important step in mining and processing operations. Ideally, these tests should comply with accepted national and international standards and be conducted under the strictest laboratory controls.

  • Moisture
  • Sulfur
  • Calorific Value
  • Volatile Matter
  • Fixed Carbon
  • ASH
Oxygen is generally estimated by difference even though there are other methods available for its determination :

At Italab Salem , we have experts with decades of experience in Chemical and Physical analysis of the following Fuels and Agro wastes( Bio Mass) : Coal & Coke, Lignite, Briquettes, Wood, Fossil Fuels, Plant derivatives like rice husk etc.,

Plastic, Polymer and Rubber Products

A plastic material is any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic solids that are moldable. Plastics are typically organic polymers of high molecular mass, but they often contain other substances. They are usually synthetic, most commonly derived from petrochemicals, but many are partially natural.

Plastics and natural materials such as rubber or cellulose are composed of very large molecules called polymers. Polymers are constructed from relatively small molecular fragments known as monomers that are joined together.

Wool, cotton, silk, wood and leather are examples of natural polymers that have been known and used since ancient times. This group includes biopolymers such as proteins and carbohydrates that are constituents of all living organisms.

Synthetic polymers, which includes the large group known as plastics, like, Kevlar, vinyl, nylon, Dacron, polyethylene, polypropylene, and synthetic rubber came into prominence in the early twentieth century. Chemists' ability to engineer them to yield a desired set of properties (strength, stiffness, density, heat resistance, electrical conductivity) has greatly expanded the many roles they play in the modern industrial economy.

Synthetic Rubber

The more than one dozen major classes of synthetic rubber are made of raw material derived from petroleum, coal, oil, natural gas, and acetylene. Many of them are copolymers, i.e., polymers consisting of more than one monomer. By changing the composition it is possible to achieve specific properties desired for special applications.

Testing Service :
  • Plastic
  • Polymers and Rubber includes
  • routine analysis like Mechanical
  • Physical
  • Thermal
  • Rheological
  • Chemical
  • special test like Smoke Density etc...

Paints, Pigments, Varnish, Resins, Glass & Ink

Our testing range under this segment includes, Paints and enamels :
  • Vehicles
  • Solvents
  • thinners
  • Pigments and extenders
  • Polishes
  • Painters material like gums
  • driers
  • paint removers
  • Drying oils
  • Powder coating and Resin Coating etc...

The testing of Ink includes Printing Inks, Writing Inks and Duplicating Inks.etc.

Textiles & Textile Auxiliaries & Dyes

The textile and Textiles Auxiliaries includes products :
  • Fibre & Filaments
  • Yarns & Chords
  • Fabrics
  • Garments and Made-Ups and Auxiliaries
  • Technical Textiles
  • Geo Textiles
  • Medical Textiles
  • Automotive Textilesm
The testing parameters includes :
  • Count
  • Construction
  • Wt/Sq. Mtr (GSM)
  • Fabric Width
  • pH Value
  • Composition
  • Moisture Content
  • Colour Fastness to Rubbing/Crocking
  • Dimensional Stability to Washing etc
  • ASTM-D
  • DIN
  • JIN AS and BS Standards

The Dyes and Dye intermediates testing includes Synthetic Dyes, Dye Intermediates and Natural Dyes & Colouring materials.

Soaps, Detergents and Toiletries

Soaps and Detergent testing includes Soaps, Synthetic Detergents and Wetting and emulsifying agents.

The testing parameters Total Fatty Matter :
  • Acid Value
  • Free Alkali
  • Matter Insoluble in Water
  • Matter insoluble in Alcohol
  • Chlorides
  • Saponification Value
  • unsaponifiable matter
  • Glycerin Content
  • Titer
  • Moisture
  • Iodine Value
  • Colour
  • Fatty acids and Ester etc...

Cement, Concrete & Building Materials

The products covered are Cement and Other mortars :
  • Cement Concrete
  • Refractory
  • Refractory Cement
  • Sand
  • Clays and Soils
  • Pozzolonic Material
  • Fly-Ash
  • Limestone
  • Lime Gypsum
  • Waterproofing Compounds
  • Thermal Insulation material
  • Masonry Bricks and Blocks
  • Ceramics Products etc.
  • and Physical and Chemical test as per Indian and International Standards.

Industrial and Fine Chemicals & Acids and Solvents

The Industrial and Fine Chemical division of Italab Salem handles mainly Purity checking and other elements in the following categories of Chemicals :
  • Inorganic Chemicals
  • Organic Chemicals
  • Electroplating Chemicals
  • Solvents
  • Laboratory Chemicals
  • Analytical Reagents
  • Specialty chemicals for Leather Industry
  • Rubber Industry
  • Textiles Industry
  • Electronics Industry
  • Photographic Industry etc...

Agricultural Chemicals, Firefighting Chemicals , Trace Elements Analysis, Carbon Black and Wood and timber treatment chemicals and Lac & Lac Products and Adhesives like Natural Gums and Starch based adhesives and Glues.etc.,

Assaying and Hallmarking of Gold and Gold Jewellery and Silver and Silver Artifacts.

Italab Salem P Ltd., has been recognized by BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) the apex standard body under the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Government of India, for Assaying and Hallmarking and is equipped with the State of the Art Gold and Silver Assaying Laboratory using XRF for preliminary and classic fire assay technique for Gold and Silver Testing.


Gold and Gold Jewellery and Silver and Silver artifacts satisfying BIS guidelines for manufacture of Gold and Silver articles as per IS 1417:2009 and IS 2113: 2004 are segregated into lot based on information provided by the customers. Few of the selected pieces are scrapped/melted from the appropriate locations based on design /manufacturing criteria. The scrapped gold is accurately weighed on precision balance (0.001mg accuracy )and then undergo fire assay as per Indian standard IS 1418:1999 for Gold and IS 2113: 2004 for Silver. Once the fineness of the sample is found as per requirement, the representative jewellery lot undergo Hallmarking. The Hallmarking of Gold and Silver articles are carried out by CNC Laser marking machine-a non-impact method and does not cause sinking or bruising damages.

Environmental Studies

Save Trees..

The strongest way to protect environment is save trees. Trees are one of the main creations of God that play an important role to keep air clean. If there will be no fresh air available then how human beings, animal, and birds survive, therefore, a clean environment is the need for every living object on this earth, so save trees.

  1. Plant as much trees as possible
  2. Do not cut trees until there is an extreme need
  3. Make use of internet and mobile phones to promote paperless communication
  4. Make sure any paper you buy come from recycled sources.
Stop Global warming..

There is compelling evidence from all over the world that our planet's weather and climate patterns are changing. Droughts, receding glaciers and ice caps, extreme storms, rise in ocean temperatures and sea levels, shifts in distribution or organisms and diseases-scientists tracking these events overwhelmingly believe that global climate change is a fact.

  1. Plant a Tree- Trees suck up carbon dioxide and make clean air for us to breathe.
  2. Change your Air Filter - Check your car's air filter monthly
  3. Use Recycled Paper.
Save Fuel:..

Fuel is any material that is burned or altered in order to obtain energy and to heart or to move an object. Fuel releases its energy either through combustion, or nuclear fission. An important property of a useful fuel is that its energy can be stored to be released only when needed, and that the release is controlled in such a way that the energy can be harnessed to produce work.

Fuel Saving Tips
  1. Slow Down
  2. Check your Air Filter
  3. Accelerate with care
  4. Don't overdrive.

To many people, recycling conjures up the blue plastic bins and bottle drives. But recycling is a design principle, a law of nature, a source of creativity, and a source of prosperity.

  1. Know what you can and can't recycle
  2. Recycle your Water
  3. Make Sure in your home and industries rain water harvesting.
  4. If you don't love something let it go.
Save Water..
  1. Use only as much as water as you require
  2. Wash your car in only one bucket
  3. Close the taps well after use
  4. While brushing your teeth do not leave the tap running, open it only when you require it.
  5. See that there are no leaking taps. Get a plumber to come in and seal all leaks.
  6. Use a washing machine that does not consume too much water

At the end of the day if you have water left in your water bottle do not throw it away, pour it over some plants.

Save Energy ..

Green energy refers to sources of energy that are non-polluting and environment friendly, which can renew themselves naturally. Green energy is also known as sustainable energy, renewable energy or alternative energy.

  1. Solar cells make no noise while collecting energy.
  2. There are no other renewable energy sources that are completely silent.
  3. Use natural lighting instead of electric lighting whenever possible.
  4. Select cold water for washing clothes.
  5. Turn off computers when they are not in use.
Save Electricity..
  1. Donate or recycle electronics items responsibly when the time comes.
  2. E- waste contains mercury and other toxics and is a growing environmental problem.
  3. Use a drying rack or clothes line to save energy, otherwise used during machine drying.


Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, which are unicellular and cluster forming entities not visible to the naked eye as individual organisms. The study of microorganisms has become important, especially in foods, due to their ability to cause food spoilage and bring about pathogenic reactions in humans and animals. Controlling the microbial activities contribute to high hygienic standards in food preventing the spread of food borne illnesses especially those spread through food and water. Vast developments in the area of food microbiology have resulted in standardization of test methods and practices in the testing laboratories. The current emphasis in ensuring microbiological safety requires use of accredited laboratories, ensuring reliability of test results for global acceptance. The related titles in this document describe the basic requirements in establishing a microbiology testing laboratory.

A Microbiology laboratory deals with the qualitative and quantitative estimations of Micro organisms of interest in a given situation. The interest may arise due to the need to assure the quality of products, the safety in handling and consuming them, probable spoilage a product may undergo and to recognize effective functioning of microorganisms employed in processing (fermenting) food.

The products examined microbiologically may be water (potable and for other uses), foods & feeds, and non-food items and other Industrial products. The tests performed in a microbiology testing laboratory are mostly to examine the following parameters or microorganisms, but are not limited to what is given below.

  1. Total Plate Count or Viable Plate Count
  2. Coliforms and Fecal coli forms as a group
  3. Escherichia coli
  4. Staphylococcus aureus and their toxins
  5. Salmonella
  6. Listeria monocytogenes
  7. Bacillus cereus
  8. Yeasts & Molds
  9. Pseudomonas aeruginosa

The testing may extend to the following microorganisms on specific situations where the products are known to be vulnerable or exposed to reservoirs of pathogenic microorganisms such as Clostridium botulinum ,Clostridium perfringens, Vibrio cholera, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Shigella

In a given situation the need for examination of the microorganisms are judged based on the intrinsic and extrinsic characteristics of the foods, that permit preferential growth of certain microorganisms, processing the food were subjected to, and the historical evidence of exposure to reservoirs of microorganisms. In all microbiological tests culture techniques are used in combination with examination of biochemical color reactions to identify and confirm the presence of microorganisms.

Italab Salem Private Limited
No : 4A, (New 36) Rajaji Road, Salem - 636007, Tamilnadu
Ph : 0427-2319264, 2317752, 2312089 Mob : +91 9894031046
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